Hortus USA

IntroductionDry DipTabletsHortus iBAPlant SelectionPlant CareCutting SelectionTechniquesSite Search

> Hortus USA Website for Small Screens

Selection of Plant Rooting Products & Methods by Plant Variety


How To

The following suggestions for the use of Rhizopon AA and Hortus IBA Water Soluble Salts are based on the outcome of tests and experiments carried out by international testing stations, research centers, scientific publications and Rhizopon and Hortus USA's own research. Testing is essential. Suitable test rates should be used on a small portion of the crop before doing extensive treatment. Select the rate which provides the desired effect. The actual conditions at your facility may not be the same as the place were the data was obtained. You might find highly successful results if you vary the concentrations somewhat from the listed amount.

Cutting Types and Methods

Type of cuttings used by different methods of application

Dry

Dip

Spray

Drip Down

Basal Quick

Dip

Total Immerse

Basal Long Soak

LEAFY CUTTINGS
• ornamental plants
• herbaceous plants

In the Growing Season
.

LEAFLESS CUTTINGS
• ornamental plants
• herbaceous plants

All Year Including
Winter Cuttings
.

 

 

CUTTINGS:
• EASY-TO-ROOT
• HARD-TO-ROOT

In the Winter.

 

 

Basal and Foliar Methods

BASAL APPLICATION

DRY DIP METHOD

Dry Dip Powder.
Dip basal end in rooting powder then stick.
(Powders stay on cuttings a long time)

RHIZOPON AA #1, #2 & #3
Dry Powder Rooting Hormones.
Use dry; not to make rooting solutions

BASAL QUICK DIP METHOD

Rooting Solution.
Dip basal end in rooting solution then stick.

RHIZOPON AA WATER SOLUBLE TABLETS
or
HORTUS IBA WATER SOLUBLE SALTS
Use to make rooting solutions

BASAL LONG SOAK METHOD

Rooting Solution.
Dip basal end of cuttings in rooting solution about 12 to 24 hours (nominal) then stick.

FOLIAR APPLICATION

SPRAY DRIP DOWN METHOD

Rooting Solution.
Stick then spray leaves of cuttings with rooting solution until the solution drips down.

TOTAL IMMERSE METHOD

Rooting Solution.
Totally immerse cuttings in rooting solution then stick.

Converting Rates

The rates for rooting solutions in this website and on the Hortus IBA Water Soluble Salts label are listed as ppm IBA (parts per million IBA). Some books on plant propagation list ppm IBA for their suggested IBA basal quick dip rates. The rate chart below gives the weight of Salts or number of Tablets required make ppm water soluble IBA rooting solutions. Hortus IBA Water Soluble Salts and Rhizopon AA Water Soluble Tablets can be used interchangeably in rates below 1000 ppm IBA; above 1000 ppm IBA use the Salts.

Hortus IBA Water Soluble Salts and Rhizopon AA Water Soluble Tablets rooting solutions can be used in every case where IBA, K-IBA or premix rooting solutions are used.

CONVERSION: ppm IBA to TABLETS to SALTS
• 1 Tablet of Rhizopon AA Water Soluble Tablets (contains 50 mg IBA) which yields 50 ppm when dissolved in 1 liter of water.
• 1/4 gram (0.25 grams) of Hortus IBA Water Soluble Salts (contains 50 mg IBA) yields 50 ppm IBA when dissolved in 1 liter of water.
• 50 ppm IBA,=1 TABLET/liter= 0.25 GRAMS OF SALTS/liter
• Measure salts by weight not by scoop (sold by weight not volume)

Parts per million IBA
(ppm IBA)

Rhizopon AA Water Soluble Tablets

Hortus IBA Water Soluble Salts

 

# Tablets per Liter of Water

Grams of Salts Per Liter

Grams of Salts Per Gallon

By liquid volume:
1 Gallon=
3.8 Liters

Ounces, by weight, of Salts Per Gallon

By weight:
1 gram =
0.03527 oz.

50
ppm IBA

1
Tablets

0.25
 grams of Salts

.95
 grams of Salts

.033
ounces by weight of Salts

100

2

0.5

1.9

.067

200

4

1.0

3.8

.134

250

5

1.25

4.75

.167

300

6

1.5

5.7

.201

400

8

2.0

7.6

.268

500

10

2.5

9.5

.335

750

15

3.75

14.25

.502

1000

20

5.0

19

.670

1500

 

7.5

28.5

1.005

2000

 

10.0

38

1.340

2500

 

12.5

47

1.657

3000

 

15.0

57

2.010

4000

 

20.0

76

2.680

5000

 

25.0

95

3.351

10,000

 

50.0

190

6.700

Download the book: Hortus Plant Propagation from Cuttings

Plant Propagation book

DOWNLOADS:

Complete book
Rooting products and methods, questions (pages 1-8)
Method charts, solution rate chart, handling rooting products (pages 9-16)
Foliar methods (pages 17-22)
Basal methods (pages 23-28)
Plant-rooting product rates (pages 29-38)
Cutting types and handling, the propagation area (pages 39-47)
Hortus IBA Water Soluble Salts label (pages 48-56)

Plant and Method List
A, B, C Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Abelia  #1
Acanthopanax  #3
African  Violet  #1
Ageratum  #1
Andromeda  #1
Apple,  Malus  #2  or  #3
Arborvitae  #2  or  #3
Arbutus  #3
Ardisia  #2
Azalea  var.  #1,  #2  or  #3

Basal long Soak:
Apple (malus) rootstocks
Aralia
Many others are suitable by this method

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse:
Abutilon  750 
Achillea  up  to  1000 
Actinidia 
  Arctic  Beauty
  1000 
Ajuga  up  to  1000 
Amsonia  1500 
Anisodontea 
  Tara's  Pink 
750 
Antennaria  up  to  750 
Anthemis  1000 
Arabis 
  Variegata  500 
Arctostaphylos  500 
Armeria  1000 
Artemisia  up  to  500 
Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Barberry  #1
Bayberry  #1
Beauty  Bush  #3
Beauty  Berry  #1
Beech  #2
Begonia  #1
Birch  #3
Bittersweet  #3
Blackberry  #1
Bluebeard  #1
Blueberry  #1  or  #2
Bougainvillea  #3
Boxwood  #3
Broom  #1  or  #2
Butterfly  Bush  #1

Basal long Soak:
Barberry
Many others are suitable by this method

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse:
Baptisia  3500 
Basil, Kasar  500 
Buddleia  1000 
Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Camellia  #3
Candytuft  #1
Carnation  #3
Catalpa  #3
Chaste  Tree  #3
Chestnut  #3
Chokeberry  #2  or  #3
Chrysanthemum  #2
Cinquefoil  #2
Clematis  #2  or  #3
Clerodendron  #1
Clockvine  #1
Coleus  #1
Cotoneaster  #3
Crab  Apple  #2  or  #3
Cape  Myrtle  #1
Crassula  #1
Creeper  #1
Croton  #1
Cryptomeria  #3
Currant  #1

Basal long Soak:
Callicarpa
Calocedrus
Carpinus (hornbeam)
Cephalotaxus (J. plum yew)
Centaurea (knapweed)
Chaenomeles (J. flowering quince)
Citrus
Corylus (hazel)
Cryptomeria (J. cedar)
Cupressocyparis (Leyland Cypress)
Cytisus (broom)
Many others are suitable by this method

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse:
Calamintha, Variegata  500 
Callicarpa  500 
Campanula  500-1000 
Caryopteris  1000 
Ceanothus  500 
Ceratostigma  1500 
Chrysanthemum  500-1000 
Chrysogonum  750 
Cistus  750 
Clematis  1000 
Clethra  1000 
Coleonema  750 
Convolvulus  750 
Coreopsis  500-1000 
Correa  500 
Cosmos  1000 
Cotoneaster    Coral  Beauty 500 
D, E. F, G Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Dahlia  #2
Daphne  #1  or  #2
Deutzia  #1
Dew  Berry  #1
Dogwood  #3
Douglas  Fir  #3
Dove  Tree  #1
Dracaena  #1
Dutchman’s  Pipe  #1

Basal long Soak:
Many others are suitable by this method

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse:
Delosperma  1000
Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Elder  #1  or  #2
Escallonia  #2

Basal long Soak:
Elaeagnus

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse:
Erigeron  750-1000 
Erodium, Dark  Eyes  750 
Erysimum  750 
Escallonia, Compacta  500 
Eupatorium  500 
Euphorbia  1000

Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
False  Arborvitae  #2
Firethorne  #1  or  #2
Flowering  Cherry  #1
Flowering  Quince  #3
Fontanesia  #1
Forsythia  #1
Franklinia  #2
Fringe  Tree  #2
Fuchsia  #1

Basal long Soak:
Ficus (fig)
Forsythia
Many others are suitable by this method
Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Gardenia  #1,  #2  or  #3
Geranium  #1
Germander  #2  or  #3
Ginkgo  #2
Golden  Chain  #2
Grape  #3

Basal long Soak:
Many others are suitable by this method

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse:
Gaillardia  500 
Galium, Sweet Woodruff  1500 
Geranium  1000 
Geum, Rivale  1000 
Gypsophila, Viette's Dwrf  1000
H, I, J, K Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Hawthorn  #3
Hazelnut  #1  or  #2
Heath  #3
Heather  #3
Hemlock  #2  or  #3
Hibiscus  #2  or  #3
Holly,  Japanese  #2
Holly,  American  #3
Honeysuckle  #2
Hydrangea  #2

Basal long Soak:
Halesia (silverbell)
Holodiscus
Many others are suitable by this method

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse:
Hedera  1000 
Helenium  500 
Helianthemum  2000 
Helianthus  1000 
Helichrysum  500-1000 
Heliopsis  1000 
Hypericum  1000 
Hyssop, Pink  Delight  500 

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse:
I
beris  1000 
Itea, Little  Henry  1000 

Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Je
tbead  #1
Juniper  var.  #2  or  #3

Basal long Soak:
Juniper
Many others are suitable by this method

 

Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Kerria  #1
Knotwood  #3

Basal long Soak:
Many others are suitable by this method

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse:
Kerria  1000 
L, M, N Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Laburnocytisus  #1  or  #2
Lantana  #1
Laurel  #3
Lavender  #2
Leucothoe  #2
Lilac  #3
Lily  Scales  #1  or  #2
Linden  #1
Locust  #3

Basal long Soak:
Many others are suitable by this method

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse:
Lamiastrum, Herman  Pride  1000
Lamium  up  to  1000 
Lavandula  1000 
Leptospermum  500 
Linaria  500 
Lithodora  2000 
Lonicera  1000 
Lychnis  1000
Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Magnolia  #2  or  #3
Manzanita  #3
Maple,  Japanese  #3
Matrimony  Vine  #3
Melastoma  #1
Mock  Orange  #1
Mulberry  #1

Basal long Soak:
Metasequoia (sequoia)
Many others are suitable by this method

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse:
Marjoram, Compactum  500 
Melissa  up  to  500 
Mentha  500 
Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Ninebark  #3
Norway  Spruce  #1

Basal long Soak:
Nerium (oleander)
Many others are suitable by this method

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse:
Nepeta  500 
O. P, Q, R Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Oak  #3
Oleander  #2
Olive  #3
Orange,  sour  #3
Orixa  #1
Osage  Orange  #1
Osmanthus  #2

Basal long Soak:
Olive
Many others are suitable by this method

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse:
Oenanthe  500 
Origanum  500-750 
Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Pachysandra  #2  or  #3
Pea  Shrub  #1
Pear  rootstocks  #3
Pecan  #3
Penstemon  #1
Periwinkle  #2
Petunia  #2  or  #3
Philodendron  #1
Phlox  #1
Photinia  #3
Pine  var.  #2  or  #3
Poinsettia  #1
Poplar  #1
Prickly  Pear  Cactus  #1
Privet  #3

Basal long Soak:
Philadelphus (mock orange)
Physocarpus (ninebark)
Picea (spruce)
Populus (poplar)
Potentilla (cinefoil)
Prunus (peach rootstocks)
Pseudosuga (Douglas fir)
Many others are suitable by this method

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse:
Paxistima, Canbyi 1000 
Penstemon  500 
Persicaria  up  to  1000 
Phlox  1000 
Phygelius  750 
Poinsettia  500-1000 
Polemonium, Bressingham  Purple  1000 
Prunella, Loveliness  750 
Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Raspberry  #1
Retinospora  #3
Rhododendron  var.  #3
Rose  #1,  #2  or  #3
Russian  Olive  #3

Basal long Soak:
Rhododendron
Ribes (currant)
Robinia (false aralia)
Redwood, coastal
Many others are suitable by this method

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse:
Rosmarinus  500 
Rudbeckia  750 
Ruellia  1000
S, T, U, V Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Sage  #1
Sequoia  #2
Snapdragon  #1
Snow  Berry  #1
Sourwood  #3
Speedwell  #1
Spiraea  #1
Springscent  #2
Spruce  var.  #2
St.  Johnswort  #1
Stevia  #1
Stewartia  #1
Sweet  Leaf  #1

Basal long Soak:
Salix (willow)
Many others are suitable by this method

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse:
Salvia  500-1000 
Santolina  500 
Saponaria  1000 
Saxifraga  750 
Scabiosa  1000 
Silene  500 
Solly, Boddy’s  Choice  750 
Spilanthes  500 
Spiraea  1000 
Spiraea, Gold  Flame,  Magic  Carpet,  Neon  Flash  4000 
Stachys  1000 
Stevia, rebaudiana  500
Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Trumpet  Creeper  #1
Tulip  Tree  #3

Basal long Soak:
Taxus (yew)
Thea (tea)
Theobroma (cacao)
Thuja
Thujopsis
Torreya
Tsuga (hemlock)
Many others are suitable by this method

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse:
Teucrium  1000
Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Umbrella  Pine  #3

Basal long Soak:
Ulmus (elm)
Many others are suitable for this method

Verbena  #1
Viburnum  #1

Verbascum  1000 
Verbena  750 
Vinca  1000 
Viola  1500 
Vitex  1000 


Basal long Soak:
Ulmus (elm)
Viburnum
Vitis (grape)
Many others are suitable by this method
W, X, Y, Z Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Waxmyrtle  #1
Weigela  #1
Willow  #1
Wintergreen  #2
Wisteria  #2
Witch  Hazel  #2

Basal long Soak:
Weigela
Wisteria
Many others are suitable by this method

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse:
Waldsteinia  1000 
Weigela  1000 
Westringia  750
Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Yellow  Wood  #2
Yew  var.  #3

Basal long Soak:
Many others are suitable by this method
Dry Dip Method using Rhizopon AA #1, #2 and #3
Zelkova  #2

Basal long Soak:
Many others are suitable by this method

 

Spray Drip Down and Total Immerse Methods: Selected Rates

Rates shown are for Hortus IBA Water Soluble Salts.
Use the Conversion Chart to use Rhizopon AA Water Soluble Tablets. Plant cuttings vary in quality. Trial rates shown are from specific lots under the growers particular faculty and environmental controls. Your growing facility and plant lots are different; always perform your own trials for your plants and facility.
TYPICAL USE: Spray Drip Down Method: 175-225 sq. ft./gallon

RATES FOR CUTTING TYPES Rates can be lower for juvenile cuttings.

HORTUS IBA WATER SOLUBLE SALTS
(ppm IBA)

RHIZOPON AA WATER SOLUBLE TABLETS
(tablets/liter water)

Soft perennial cuttings
Annual cuttings

80-250

1/2-5

Herbaceous cuttings
Woody ornamental cuttings

250-1500
350-1500

5-20
7-20

Basal Quick Dip Method: Selected Rates

RATES FOR
CUTTING TYPES

HORTUS IBA WATER SOLUBLE SALTS
(ppm IBA)

RHIZOPON AA WATER SOLUBLE TABLETS (tablets/liter water)

Annuals

80-200

1-4

Herbaceous, perennials, tropical hose plants, pot rose., etc.

(For difficult to root perennials consider using the Basal Long Soak Method)

150-500

Sometimes:
500-1500

3-10

10-20

Softwood

500-1500

10-20

Hardwood

500-2000

10-20

Difficult to root hardwood

(For these consider using the Basal Long Soak Method)

5000-10,000

(10,000 is rarely used)

Use Hortus IBA Water Soluble Salts

Basal Long Soak Method: Selected Rates

RATES FOR CUTTING TYPES

HORTUS IBA WATER SOLUBLE SALTS
(ppm IBA)

RHIZOPON AA WATER SOLUBLE TABLETS(tablets/liter water)

HARD TO ROOT: annual, perennial and other herbaceous plants

25-100

1/2-2

HARD TO ROOT: softwood, hardwood

50-200

1-4

 

For Distributor ordering or referral contact Master Distributor :Phytotronics, 314-770-0717, propagation/growing supplies: phytotronics.com   sales@phytotronics.com

We Welcome Your Questions on Plant Propagation from Cuttings and Hortus IBA & Rhizopon Rooting Products: CLICK HERE to send a messag
e

© Hortus USA Corp. 1990-2013 All Rights Reserved. Hortus IBA Water Soluble Salts ® and Hortus USA ® 
are the registered trademarks of Hortus USA Corp. Rhizopon ® is the registered trademark of Rhizopon b.v. - All Rights Reserved. -